Protecting the Antarctic and Southern Ocean by Cheryle Hislop

Cover of: Protecting the Antarctic and Southern Ocean | Cheryle Hislop

Published by University of Tasmania Law School Press in Hobart .

Written in English

Read online

Subjects:

  • Marine resources conservation -- Law and legislation -- Antarctica,
  • Marine parks and reserves,
  • Antarctica -- International status

Edition Notes

Includes bibliographical references.

Book details

Other titlesASOLP Occ. Paper 9.
StatementCheryle Hislop, Geoffrey New, Philip Bender.
SeriesAntarctic and Southern Ocean law and policy occasional papers -- 9.
ContributionsNew, Geoffrey., Bender, Philip., University of Tasmania. Institute of Antarctic and Southern Ocean Studies., University of Tasmania. Faculty of Law.
Classifications
LC ClassificationsKWX805 .H57 2004
The Physical Object
Pagination85 p. ;
Number of Pages85
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL21111592M
ISBN 100859018628
OCLC/WorldCa55970735

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Additional Physical Format: Online version: Hislop, Cheryle. Protecting the Antarctic and Southern Ocean. Hobart: University of Tasmania Law Press,   Antarctica’s Southern Ocean is one of the world’s last great wilderness areas, surrounding the coldest, driest, windiest, and least altered continent.

The ocean’s frigid waters bustle with thousands of species found nowhere else, from brilliantly hued starfish and bioluminescent worms to pastel octopuses. Nutrients that well up from the icy depths ride currents great distances to nourish.

The Southern Ocean, also known as the Antarctic Ocean or the Austral Ocean, comprises the southernmost waters of the World Ocean, generally taken to be south of 60° S latitude and encircling Antarctica. As such, it is regarded as the second-smallest of the five principal oceanic divisions: smaller than the Pacific, Atlantic, and Indian Oceans but larger than the Arctic Ocean.

On the morning of 1 MarchRichard Laws, the director of the British Antarctic Survey and a leading marine biologist, gave a scientific lecture describing the characteristics of the Southern Ocean ecosystem to the first session of a diplomatic conference on the conservation of Antarctica’s marine living resources in Canberra, : Alessandro Antonello.

The frozen southern pole is a haven for wildlife. Whales, seals and penguins feast in the Antarctic’s southern ocean and international agreements protect the icy continent.

But commercial fishing and climate change pose a threat. So we need to create a giant ocean sanctuary, the biggest on Earth, to protect the Antarctic. Protecting the Antarctic Environment Conservation Antarctica is unique as it is an isolated landmass with no permanent human settlements surrounded by a wide, cold and stormy ocean.

There are few people who can perceive the benefits of Antarctica who also have clear opinions based on personal experience of the continent. 1 day ago  The Antarctic blue whale (Balaenoptera musculus ssp. Intermedia) is the largest animal on the planet, but it is critically endangered.

WWF is working to protect blue whale habitat, and a remarkable number of blue whales were recently sighted in the southern Atlantic ocean. Most of the world's large whale species are found in the Antarctic among a diverse marine ecosystem of over 8, species, more than half of which are seen n.

Our mission is to protect the Antarctic and Southern Ocean’s unique and vulnerable ecosystems by providing the unified voice of the NGO community. Read more» Protecting the Southern Ocean. We're campaigning to protect the Southern Ocean with the world’s largest network of marine protected areas (MPAs), starting in East Antarctica, the.

Synopsis BIOMASS (Biological Investigations of Marine Antarctic Systems and Stocks) was a unique, large-scale, long-term, international research programme established in to investigate the ecology of the Southern Ocean.

Its main aim was to gain a greater understanding of the biological Format: Hardcover. Protecting the Antarctic A journey to a continent in distress By Arwa Damon, Brice Laine and Mark Tutton.

Krill are present in vast numbers in the Southern Ocean, but some studies show that. Southern Ocean, the southern portions of the Pacific, Atlantic, and Indian oceans and their tributary seas surrounding Antarctica.

Unbroken by any other continental landmass, the Southern Ocean’s narrowest constriction is the Drake Passage, miles wide, between South America and the tip of the Antarctic Peninsula.

Today the Antarctic Ocean Alliance, which includes Greenpeace and partner groups, is launching a new publication, ‘Antarctic Ocean Legacy: A Vision for Circumpolar Protection’ which makes the case for the creation of a network of 19 large no-take marine reserves and marine protected areas covering over 40% of the Southern Ocean and the.

However, nations have come together and put differences aside to protect a wild Antarctic seas. Inhistory was achieved when million square kilometres of the Ross Sea was protected. WWF is a member of the Antarctic and Southern Ocean Coalition (ASOC), a union of over 30 non-government groups dedicated to Antarctic protection.

On the 16th of July, Russian delegates blocked proposals to create a marine protected area (MPA) in Antarctica’s Southern Ocean.

The area involved, the Ross Sea, is. The protection of the Southern Ocean is a defining issue for our time, and it can help bring countries ting large Antarctic marine areas will boost Ocean protection by an order of magnitude greater than anything achieved before.

We have a once-in-a-generation chance to do things differently. Antarctica and the Southern Ocean cover one-tenth of the earth's surface. In a legal and environmental sense, Antarctica represents the geography of hope.

It is the freshest and most pristine of regions, governed by a legal regime that offers Antarctica and its circumpolar water the unique possibility of becoming the world's first global wilderness preserve.5/5(1).

Because not enough was being done to protect the ocean, the Convention for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR) was established insaid Andrea Kavanagh, Director of Antarctic and Southern Ocean Conservation at The Pew Charitable Trusts.

The convention’s main mission is to conserve Antarctic marine life. Cambridge, UK – A Greenpeace campaign to protect the Antarctic Ocean, backed by million people globally, has received the unprecedented support of the vast majority of krill fishing companies operating in Antarctic waters.

The move was announced at Greenpeace’s Antarctic ° event in Cambridge, UK, attended by scientists and Oscar-winning actor Javier Bardem, who joined. This research focus aims to develop a system of marine protected areas in the Southern Ocean. Spatial protection for marine biodiversity is a priority issue identified by both the Committee for Environmental Protection and the Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources ().).

Our research aims to support the development of a comprehensive, adequate and representative. What better conservation of the Antarctic ocean could there be than the creation of the largest protected area on Earth at its heart, in the Weddell sea.

It would put the area off-limits to future. This ocean has the largest ocean current, called the Antarctic Circumpolar Current. Properties of the Antarctic Ocean.

This ocean has the largest ocean current, called the Antarctic Circumpolar Current, and since it connects the Pacific, Atlantic, and Indian Ocean basins, it influences the climate of the entire takes million cubic meters of water per second from west to east.

The name we have given to this voyage ‘Galapagos of the Southern Ocean' reflects the astounding natural biodiversity and the importance of these islands as a wildlife refuge.

(The book Galapagos of the Antarctic written by Rodney Russ and Aleks Terauds and published by Heritage Expeditions describes all of these islands in great detail.) The. Southern Ocean ecosystems are under pressure from resource exploitation and climate change1,2.

Mitigation requires the identification and protection of. The Southern Ocean surrounding Antarctica is home to thriving ecosystems of penguins, seals, whales, krill, and an astonishing array of underwater life.

Ina large marine protected area (MPA) was established in the Ross Sea region of Antarctica to protect. The Antarctic and Southern Ocean Coalition (ASOC) is a global coalition of environmental non-governmental organizations with more than members in 40 countries worldwide.

ASOC has worked since to ensure that the Antarctic Continent, its surrounding islands and the great Southern Ocean survive as the world's last unspoiled wilderness, a global commons for the heritage of future.

At the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR) currently meeting in Hobart, Australia, the Antarctic Ocean Alliance are appealing for nations to ensure the future of the Antarctic and Southern Ocean. This week, representatives from 25 governments are gathering in Hobart to address three proposed marine protected areas, amounting to more than five million square kilometres of.

Home Protect Antarctica and the Southern Ocean. Protect Antarctica and the Southern Ocean. Click here to download video. Charity Name: Antarctic and Southern Ocean Coalition.

CFC Number: Cause Area: Environment. Charity Type: National/International. HOBART, Australia, Nov. 1, /PRNewswire/ -- The Antarctic and Southern Ocean Coalition (ASOC) is calling for urgent action from global leaders to protect Antarctic waters.

This week, Members. Some consider the Arctic, Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific to be the world's four oceans. Now, those that side with the number five can add the fifth new ocean and call it the Southern Ocean or the Antarctic Ocean, thanks to the International Hydrographic Organization (IHO).

The Human Impacts program aims to understand the Antarctic environment and the impact of human activities upon it.

The Antarctic Marine Living Resources (AMLR) program concentrates on obtaining information to manage the sustainable use of Southern Ocean fisheries and to protect the marine environment around Antarctica.

The report, Antarctic Ocean Legacy: A Vision for Circumpolar Protection, noted that the Southern Ocean accounts for 10% of the world's seas, yet less than 1% of it. Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources Antarctica is surrounded by a vast, unbroken and dynamic body of water known as the Southern Ocean, which constitutes about 15% of the world's total ocean surface.

Antarctica's resources have been harvested for about years. In many cases the intense level of exploitation resulted in the severe depletion of harvested. It was a huge conservation win for the world’s Ocean and an important first step towards fulfilling the CCAMLR members’ commitment to create a broader Southern Ocean protected area network.

We still have a long way to go on the path toward Antarctic protection and time is of the essence. The Antarctic Marine Living Resources Research Program provides information that will be of use in managing the harvesting of species in the Southern Oceans.

Internationally, Australia has taken a leading role in promoting environmental protection within the Antarctic. SCAR engaged its extensive network of Antarctic researchers to assemble existing Southern Ocean predator tracking data.

After careful validation, the result was an enormous database of over individual animal tracks from 17 predator species with diverse prey requirements, collected by more than 70 scientists across 12 national Antarctic.

Global leaders will consider protecting over million square kilometers of the Weddell Sea this October when the Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic.

Collected by more than 70 researchers across 12 national Antarctic programmes, the data covers million visits by the predators to different locations in the Southern Ocean and Antarctic Continent.

See more stunning nature photos: 36 amazing photos from the. Pack-ice (ice floating in the middle of the Southern Ocean) is more jagged, with ridges and shadows (due to freezing and thawing of ice) which makes finding seals in the satellite images much harder. The Antarctic continent and surrounding Southern Ocean support unique terrestrial ecosystems and some of the world’s most biologically productive neritic and pelagic food webs.

At the base of the pelagic food web are Antarctic krill (Euphausia superba), a planktonic crustacean, with an estimated productivity of several billion tons annually. Kavanagh noted that colder waters absorb more carbon than warmer waters, and Antarctic krill, a keystone species, sequester 23 million tons of carbon in the Southern Ocean each year.

The Antarctic continent and its surrounding ocean is a beacon of hope for multilateralism, international solidarity and our common responsibility for the Earth.

Image from Getty Images Inat the height of the Cold War, countries came together to sign the Antarctic Treaty – perhaps the first international disarmament treaty since the end.1 day ago  The opening revved up the clockwise-moving Antarctic Circumpolar Current allowed these flightless birds to swim with the ocean currents throughout the southern ocean, populating both the .

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